Dandruff is having small white flakes on your head. It is a problem that occurs in many people and is often recurring. Normally, your scalp cells renew on average every two weeks. Your old scalp cells then, invisibly, make room for the new cells. In dandruff, these cells renew twice as fast as normal. The new scalp cells do not have time to fully mature. This causes cornification of the cells which then clump together. This creates the flakes that we know as dandruff.
Dandruff can also be thought of as a mild form of eczema: seborrhoeic eczema . The skin reacts overactive to a naturally present yeast of the skin. You can often recognize this shape by the fact that the dander also occurs in, for example, the eyebrows. This yeast thrives in a warm environment. So do not use a hair dryer or other hair styling products that heat your hair.
What is the cause of dandruff?
So, dandruff is caused by renewing your scalp cells too quickly. It is unknown what the exact reason is that scalp cells regenerate faster in some people than in others. In addition to the fact that the cells renew themselves faster, the glands in your skin also work harder. This allows you to experience higher sebum production in dandruff. This sebum production contributes to the clumping of your skin cells and can possibly cause itching. Do not scratch the itch! By scratching you do not give your scalp the rest to heal, which only makes the itching worse.
In addition to physical causes, stress and dry air can also promote dandruff. In addition, using the wrong shampoo can also cause dandruff. Frequent use of oily hair shampoos can dry out your scalp. In response to this dehydration, your skin starts to produce more sebum. This sebum can then clump again with the dead skin cells, making them visible.
How can you treat dandruff?
When you have dandruff, you want to get rid of it as soon as possible. And, just as important, prevent it from coming back again. What can you do to treat dandruff (preventively):
- Use anti-dandruff shampoo. Massage the shampoo well, leave it on for about five minutes and then rinse your hair thoroughly.
- Shower not too hot. Too hot water dries out your skin, including your scalp!
- Do not blow-dry your hair. The yeast that causes the rose likes this heat very much.
Do you not notice any difference after six weeks of intensive care with anti-dandruff shampoo? Then consult your doctor.
Has the dandruff diminished? Then switch back to your regular shampoo. For prevention, you can then use the anti-dandruff shampoo once or twice a week to ensure that the dandruff does not return.
Is dandruff contagious?
No, dandruff is not contagious. Make sure you use the right products to care for your hair. In most cases, the rose usually disappears on its own. Then take preventive measures to prevent return. Do you continue to suffer from dandruff despite your good care? Then contact your doctor.